Fall of the Berlin Wall

From the moment the barbed wire first went up, the barrier was a monument to the failure of the Soviet vision of a just society. Today pieces of the Berlin Wall are all over the world famed for its graffitied messages, the graffiti side of the wall being the western side, the free side, the one that already enjoyed freedom of expression.

On November 9, 1989, it was the other side of the roughcast concrete barrier that mattered, the side that people did not spray with aerosol cans but had risked their lives to climb over.The wall separated Berlin and metaphorically separated all of Germany. West Germany and East Germany were completely cut off, democracy vs. communism. On the Russian controlled East Germany territory, strict laws were implemented and human rights were ignored. It was as if most of the region was in a stand still without connection to the outside world. 

The purpose of this blog is to analyze strategic relations and events within Latin America and increased communication with Russia and China, but monumental events such as the toppling of the Berlin Wall occasionally take priority. For this, the anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall is being written about and commemorated. The fall of the wall had a great effect on the whole world and its repercussions resounded to the lands of Latin America and changed the Soviet Union into the Russia seen today.

As the Wall came down, of course, the entire Soviet power structure – with its closed borders, economic oppression and mind-controls – started to fall with it. A welter of previously closed, moribund economies across Eastern Europe, the Former Soviet Union and Central Asia spluttered into life, enduring much hardship and uncertainty, yes, but clearly lurching forward,” said Telegraph writer Liam Halligan.

Regions of centrally-planned economies with almost complete abolishment of private property, where little happened without authoritarian approval, today pro-communist countries are seen with a cloud over them in question. During the Cold War, Latin America was a bystander region that in some areas, like Cuba, was a perfect docking point for the battle between democratic and communistic ideals. As seen in many Latin American  countries, communist movements/guerrilla groups arose in the 80’s and 90’s for the rights and representation of the lower class.

Democracy triumphed from the fall of the Berlin Wall, however the battle between ideologies still lingers. Latin America continues to move to the left with ideologies such as populism. Most of these have sprouted from Russian allies and those hoping to supplant “the U.S. dollar as the global reserve currency” (Aljazeera).

“But it is in Latin America where populism has had the greatest and most enduring influence. As in Russia and the United States, it began as an attempt to ameliorate the social dislocations caused by capitalism. In Latin America it became an urban movement. Its heyday was from the 1920s to the 1960s, as industrialisation and the growth of cities got under way in the region. It was the means by which the urban masses—the middle and working classes—were brought into the political system” (The Economist).

Strategic relations have transformed since the fall of the wall, however it has also set a new world standard for the treatment of humans and the strive for liberty. Today the 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, the unification of Germany and freedom is celebrated.

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